Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Elegir el idioma Spanish English  
Mount Kilimanjaro
About Kilimanjaro
Kilimanajaro Routes & Map
Itineraries / Programs
Kilimanjaro Photos




Mount Kilimanjaro, a scenic show piece of Tanzania would always greet you on  arrival. Just as you cross the equator, Kilimanjaro’s  white flat top, shimmers in the blue sky.


Grand and majestic, it looks “ as wide as all the world, great, high, and unbelievable white in the sun” as Hemingway had seen it.

Standing at 5895 metres above sea level, the Kilimanjaro is the highest landmark in Africa, the highest free standing mountain in the world, as well as one of the dormant volcanoes.

Rising out of the equator, and only 250km from the tropical coast, Kilimanjaro’s permanent snows defies its tropical location- a mystery that for over 2000 years has baffled the world.With the continuous destruction of the ozone layer and warming, it remains to be seen if the snows of the Kilimanjaro would remain forever.


Mount Kilimanjaro national park was gazetted in 1973 and officially inaugurated in july 1977.It has an area of 1668sq km.


The park’s major objective is to


“protect Africa’s highest and one of the world’s largest freestanding mountains and to conserve its unique socio- economic, cultural, and ecological values and features of the gragile mountain ecosystem”.


Hence, the park has an important role to play in the lives and livelihoods of neighbouring communities, in addition to its well- recognized national and international roles.

The headquarter is situated at the marangu gate at the forest periphery. The altitude varies from 1829 meters at marangu gate to 5895 meters at the snow capped – kibo peak. Rainfall of 2.337mm has been recorded in the forest at 1829 meters elevation. It decreases rapidly with an average of 1321 mm at mandara Hut (274m).



Horombo hut at 3719 meters about 534mm of rainfall and November and December. There is a dry spell in January and February, while long rains begin in march and continue through may.


The park has been divided into three management zones, namely:


High use zone, low use zone and the wilderness zone. The high use zone – includes marangu, mweka and machame routes.


The marangu route is the easiest and most popular. It is a two way route, that is, visitors climbing through this route will descend through the same route.


The journey starts at marangu, an ever green small township surrounded by coffee and banana plantations as well as a green forest supported by the many streams that cascade from the mountain slopes. The ascent, usually, begins at marangu gate.


From here one walks through the montane forest comprising of camphor, cedar, juniper and olive trees, festooned with lichens and moss to the delight of the eye, while monkeys shake the trees and birds are heard singing in profusion. Visitors using this route spend 5-6 days for ascending and descending.


They are accommodated at mandara, 9km from the gate; Horombo, 12km from mandara and kibo, 12 from horombo. Visitors from the rongai route also descend throuth the marangu route but camp at Horombo. On the other hand, the machame route is a one way and is used fo ascending only; descending takes plade through the mweka route.


The combined routes take 6 – 7 days for ascending and descending. The machame route has stopovers at machame II and shira II. And lastly, the mweka route is used for descending only by visitors from machame, londorosi and umbwe routes.